Study of the Properties of the Self-Reinforced Compound of Polylactic Acid and an Amazon Fiber
This paper presents the study of the mechanical properties of a self-reinforced composite material based on polylactic acid and an Amazonian fiber. Many of the research and developments on composite materials reinforced with natural fibers have been very attractive to different research groups in recent years, due to their good characteristics and multiple applications. Being the production of these materials capable of achieving an impact in different fields of knowledge, since their benefits from the environmental point of view manage to make environmentally friendly compounds to achieve their economic impact since they create lighter structures and of origin from renewable sources . It seeks to present these composite materials as an alternative to polymers for commercial use such as Polypropylene (PP), Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), Polystyrene (PE) among others, which come from petroleum derivatives. The methods used to achieve the characterization of composite materials were as follows: Yanchama (natural fiber): it was cut, spun, dehydrated and heavy. Polylactic acid (PLA): heavy, treated (matrix), cut. It was obtained that the best sample of this study was that of longitudinal spun red yanchama (YC + PLA (L)), because it had a better mechanical behavior, which indicates that this sample had a greater strain stress (4,006 MPa), higher deformation percentage (5.33%) and higher Young's modulus (37.48). Keywords - Polylactic Acid (PLA), Amazon Natural Fiber, Yanchama, Self-Reinforced Compounds .