Uncertainties In The Recycling Of Waste Electrical And Electronic Equipment: A Literature Review
A systematic literature search has been conducted at the intersection of e-waste and uncertainty and the main
uncertainties identified have been categorized. The main uncertainties identified were: Different recycling technologies;
unknown environmental impacts; different product design and composition; unknown reverse logistics costs; variable cost of
recycling; rapidly changing nature of electrical and electronic equipment; unpredictability about return of items concerning
quantity, quality and timing; unknown destination flow of e-waste; different value of scrap materials; competition between the
manufacturer and the remanufacturer; no common legislation at the national and global level; outdated political aspects; and
complexity of regulations.
Keywords—e-waste, Innovation, Sustainability.