An Android-Arduino System To Assist Farmers In Agricultural Operations
Agriculture accounts for ~15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India but employs close to 50% of the
working population. Average yield in India is quite low compared to other countries. Advances in Information and
Communication Technology (ICT) and the government initiatives in e-governance are only promoting e-agriculture in India.
This can not only improve the condition of Indian agriculture but also the life and working conditions of the farmers. This
paper is about an android application, using ICT, promoting e-governance by providing continuous information pertaining to
agriculture like weather forecast, crop prices, news, government helplines, and an inventory database manager. The mobile
application also connects to 1) an Arduino based mobile robot to perform field operations like ploughing, seed sowing over
Bluetooth channel 2) an Arduino based system fixed in the field comprising a wireless sensor network (WSN) of soil moisture,
pH and temperature sensors for data acquisition and remote control of water pumps for watering and irrigation over the Global
System for Mobile communication (GSM) and Bluetooth networks.
Index Terms— e-agriculture, arduino-android robot, wireless sensor networks, ICT