Effect of Oxygen Addition in Argon/Carbon Dioxide Gas Mixture on Metal Transfer Behavior in Gas Metal Arc Welding
Mode of metal transfer is essential variable for quality of welding. Welding gas is one of the main factors affecting
metal transfer behavior for GMAW process. Recently, some gas providers have developed by adding oxygen into Carbon
dioxide (CO2)/Argon (Ar)gas mixture to improve welding performance. However the effect of oxygen addition on metal
transfer behavior has not been demonstrated and clarified. This research aims to study the influence of Oxygen, on modes of
metal transfer and transition current. In this study, the effect of welding currents and various types of welding gases were also
investigated. The welding currents used were ranged from 90 to 310 A. Ten categories of welding gases involved in this study
were divided into 2 groups, 5%CO2/Ar and 15%CO2/Ar. Oxygen gas was added into each group ranging from 0% to 4%.
Behaviors and modes of metal transfer were observed by using high speed camera. Rate of metal transfer, droplets size and
transition current were measured. The result showed that with 2-3% oxygen addition short circuit/globular and globular/spray
transition currents can be reached at lower welding current comparing with those conventional 5%CO2/Ar and 15%CO2/Ar,
(no oxygen addition). However excessive amount of oxygen in gas mixtures could increase both short circuit/globular and
globular/spray transition currents especially in 5%CO2/Ar.
Index Terms—Gas Metal Arc Welding, Gas mixture, Modes of metal transfer, Oxygen addition, Transition current.