International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering (IJMPE)
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Apr. 2021
Submitted Papers : 80
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  Journal Paper

Paper Title :
Impact of Nitrogen and Angle of Nozzle on the Stability of Premixed Counter Flame

Author :Jassim Mohammad Abdulkarim, Fouad A. Saleh, Salwa T. Omar

Article Citation :Jassim Mohammad Abdulkarim ,Fouad A. Saleh ,Salwa T. Omar , (2018 ) " Impact of Nitrogen and Angle of Nozzle on the Stability of Premixed Counter Flame " , International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering (IJMPE) , pp. 15-23, Volume-6,Issue-6

Abstract : LPG/air flames in axi-symmetric opposed nozzle burners were experimentally investigated for different flow velocities, nozzle geometries, and N2. The variety of experimental techniques employed allowed considering the issue from various perspectives, providing information on the interaction between the fluid dynamic processes and chemical reactions taking place in the burner: The fluid dynamic instabilities can trigger the complete flame extinction, where a flame re-ignition would be expected considering the stability diagrams. For detailed investigations of processes and phenomena in the premixed counter flow, it is sometimes necessary to apply more than just one flow visualization technique, since each method has its own characteristics of strengths and weaknesses. In the present study, Schlieren technique was used to analyze the effect of nozzles angle (30⁰, 45⁰, and 60⁰) and nitrogen on the flame stability. Significant results were obtained in the area of flame propagation. Limits of stability in the counter flow (blow-off flame, double flame, disc flame and distortion flame) depend basically on the shape of nozzles and velocity of fuel and air. Use of N2 leads to a decrease in the convective heat loss as the strain is increased. Increasing the strain will also reduce the flame width by pushing the flame closer to the stagnation surface to keep the balance between the burning velocity and the flow velocity. Index Terms - Premixed Counter Flame, Angle of Nozzle, N2, Stability.

Type : Research paper

Published : Volume-6,Issue-6


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